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1) Dante Alighieri, often referred to simply as Dante, born in Florence on 1265 to September 14, 1321 (age 56), was an Italian poet, writer and philosopher.
2) His Divine Comedy, originally called Comedia, is widely considered one of the most important poems of the Middle Ages and the greatest literary work in the Italian language.
3) He is known for establishing the use of the vernacular in literature at a time when most poetry was written in Latin, which was accessible only to the most educated readers.
4) Dante was instrumental in establishing the literature of Italy. His depictions of Hell, Purgatory and Heaven provided inspiration for the larger body of Western art and literature.
5) The first use of the interlocking three-line rhyme scheme, or the terza rima, is attributed to him. He is described as the "father" of the Italian language, and in Italy, known as "The Supreme Poet."
6) The first formal biography of him was Vita di Dante, written after 1348 by Giovanni Boccaccio. In 1965, Pope Paul VI promulgated the Latin motu proprio titled Altissimi cantus to dedicate his poetry.
Date of Birth