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1) Jean Desire Gustave Courbet, born in Ornans, Doubs, France on June 10, 1819 to December 31, 1877 (age 58), was a French painter who led the Realism movement in 19th-century French painting.
2) His work belonged neither to the predominant Romantic nor Neoclassical schools. Courbet painted figurative compositions, landscapes, seascapes, and still lifes.
3) He believed that "the artists of one century [are] basically incapable of reproducing the aspect of a past or future century ..." He found inspiration painting the life of peasants and workers.
4) He courted controversy by addressing social issues in his work, and painted subjects that were considered vulgar, such as the rural bourgeoisie, peasants, and working conditions of the poor.
5) He provoked a scandal by painting a depiction of modern women casually displaying their undergarments. By exhibiting sensational works, he guaranteed himself \'both notoriety and sales.\'
6) A socialist, active in political developments of France. He was imprisoned for 6 months in 1871 for his involvement with the Paris Commune, and lived in exile in Switzerland from 1873 until his death.
Date of Birth