Click To See the Unity View
Click To See the 2D View
1) Harun al-Rashid (766-809) was the fifth caliph of the Abbasid dynasty. During his reign the power and prosperity of the dynasty was at its height.
2) Harun al-Rashid was born at Rey near Teheran in 766 (or perhaps 763), the third son of the third Abbasid caliph, Mohammed al-Mahdi.
3) In 782 Harun had been named as second in succession to the throne, but on his father's death in 785, the new caliph, his brother al-Hadi, treated him very badly. Al-Hadi, however, died in 786.
4) For the first 17 years of his reign Harun relied to a great extent on his vizier and two of the vizier's sons, al-Fadl and Jafar whom he got rid of them later on secondary to their growing powers.
5) Harun took a personal interest in the campaigns against the Byzantines, leading expeditions in 797, 803, and 806. In 797 the empress Irene made peace and agreed to pay a large sum of money.
6) Harun died at Tus in eastern Persia on March 24, 809, during an expedition to restore order there. The danger of disintegration was increased by Harun\'s unwise arrangement for succession.
Date of Birth