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1) Helena Sofia (Helene) Schjerfbeck, July 10, 1862 to January 23, 1946 (age 83), a modernist Finnish painter; known for her realist works and self-portraits, and also for her landscapes and still lifes.
2) Throughout her long life, her work changed dramatically beginning with French-influenced realism and plein air painting. It gradually evolved towards portraits and still life paintings.
3) Historical paintings were usually the realm of male painters, as was the experimentation with modern influences and French radical naturalism.
4) Historical paintings were usually the realm of male painters. As a result, her works produced mostly in the 1880s did not receive a favorable reception until later in her life.
5) Schjerbeck's birthday, 10 July, is Finland's national day for the painted arts.
6) The 2003 biographical novel Helene by Rakel Liehu was a critical and commercial success, and won the 2004 Runeberg Prize. It also formed the basis of a 2020 film, which was nominated for an award.
Date of Birth