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1) John Locke, born in Somerset, England on August 29, 1632 to October 28, 1704 (age 72), was an English philosopher & physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers.
2) He was commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism," and is equally important to social contract theory. work greatly affected the development of epistemology and political philosophy.
3) His writings influenced Voltaire and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American Revolutionaries.
4) His contributions to classical republicanism & liberal theory are reflected in the U.S. Declaration of Independence. His theory of mind is cited as the origin of modern conceptions of identity & self.
5) His political-legal principles continues to have a profound influence on the theory & practice of limited representative government & the protection of basic rights and freedoms under the rule of law.
6) He was the first to define the self through a continuity of consciousness. "Whatever I write, as soon as I discover it not to be true, my hand shall be the forwardest to throw it into the fire."
Date of Birth